عـن أبي العـباس عـبد الله بن عـباس رضي الله عـنهما ، قــال : كـنت خـلـف النبي صلي الله عـليه وسلم يـوما ، فـقـال : ( يـا غـلام ! إني اعـلمك كــلمات : احـفـظ الله يـحـفـظـك ، احـفـظ الله تجده تجاهـك ، إذا سـألت فـاسأل الله ، وإذا اسـتعـنت فـاسـتـعـن بالله ، واعـلم أن الأمـة لـو اجـتمـعـت عـلى أن يـنـفـعـوك بشيء لم يـنـفـعـوك إلا بشيء قـد كـتـبـه الله لك ، وإن اجتمعـوا عـلى أن يـضـروك بشيء لـم يـضـروك إلا بشيء قـد كـتـبـه الله عـلـيـك ؛ رفـعـت الأقــلام ، وجـفـت الـصـحـف ).
رواه الترمذي [ رقم : 2516 ] وقال : حديث حسن صحيح .
وفي رواية غير الترمذي : ( احفظ الله تجده أمامك ، تعرف إلى الله في الرخاء يعرفك في الشدة ، واعلم أن ما أخطأك لم يكن ليصيبك ، وما أصابك لم يكن ليخطئك ، واعلم ان النصر مع الصبر ، وان الفرج مع الكرب ، وان مع العسر يسرا )
On the authority of Abu ‘Abbaas ‘Abdillaah bin ‘Abbaas (radiAllahu anhumaa) who said : One day I was behind the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) [riding on the same mount] and he said :
| O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice]: Be Mindful of Allah and Allah will protect you. Be Mindful of Allah and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, then ask Allah [alone]; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allah [alone]. And know that if the Nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, they would not benefit you except with what Allah had already prescribed for you. And if they were to gather together to harm you with anything, they would not harm you except with what Allah had already prescribed against you. The Pens have been lifted and the Pages have dried.|
It was related by at-Tirmidhee, who said it was a Good and Sound Hadeeth.
Another narration, other than that of Tirmidhee, reads :
| Be Mindful of Allah, and you will find Him in front of you. Recognise and Acknowledge Allah in times of ease and prosperity, and He will Remember you in times of adversity. And know that what has passed you by [and you have failed to attain] was not going to befall you, and what has befallen you was not going to pass you by. And know that Victory comes with Patience, Relief with Affliction, and Hardship with Ease.|
Explanation of Hadeeth Number 19
The virtues and outstanding traits of ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Abbaas (radiAllahu anhumaa) are more than can be enumerated, and the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) supplicated for him and said : “Oh Allah! Grant him understanding (fiqh) of the Religion and teach him the Interpretation”, and he also supplicated for him that he be given Wisdom twice over. And it has been narrated that he [ibn ‘Abbaas] said that he “saw Jibreel (alayhi as-salaam) twice”, though this narration is mursal and is not established. And Ibn ‘Abbaas (radiAllahu anhu) is the Ocean of Knowledge of this Ummah, and its Learned Scholar. And the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) considered him to be worthy of carrying a Legacy/Advice from him despite his small age, and so he said to him : “Be Mindful of Allah and Allah will protect you”, and its meaning is “Be obedient to your Lord, ordering whatever He has ordered and forbidding whatever He has forbidden”.
And his (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) statement : “Be Mindful of Allah and you will find Him in front of you” means “Perform your actions for His sake out of His obedience, and let yourself not be seen to oppose or disobey Him, then you will find Allah with you in times of difficulty”, as happened to the three men who fled to a cave to seek shelter from torrential rain, whereupon a huge rock descended upon the entrance to the cave and sealed it. So they said to one another : “Look to the pious actions that you have performed [in the past] and ask Allah ta’aalaa by them, for verily He is the only One who can save us from this.” So each one of them mentioned a good action that they had performed previously, purely for the sake of their Lord, so Allah removed the rock that was blocking the entrance to the cave, and they were free from their imprisonment, and their story is well known from the Saheeh [of Muslim]. [Note: This story shows that one of the permissible, and indeed recommended, forms of Tawassul, or seeking Waseelah to Allah, is through the good actions that one has performed.]
And his (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) statement : “If you ask, then ask Allah [alone]; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allah [alone]” guides us to having Trust and Reliance upon our Protector, and that we should not take any Ilaah (object of Worship) except Him, and that we should not depend upon or be attached to anyone other than Him in all our affairs, no matter how small they may be. And Allah ta’aalaa has said : “And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him” [at-Talaaq, 3].
So according to the degree by which a person relies upon other than Allah ta’aalaa in his desires and by his heart, or in his hopes, then proportionately he has turned away from his Lord to those who cannot hurt him nor benefit him. And similarly in the case of Fear of other than Allah, and the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) emphasised this when he said : “And know that if the Nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, they would not benefit you except with what Allah had already prescribed for you”, and similarly in the case of harm. And this is the essence of Iman in Qadr, and having Iman in it is obligatory, the good of it and the evil of it. And once a Believer has conviction (yaqeen) in this then he sees no benefit in asking from other than Allah or seeking help from them. And similar to this is the answer of al-Khaleel [Ibraaheem] alayhi as-salaam, to the question of Jibreel (alayhi as-salaam) when he was in the air having been thrown towards the Great Fire : “Do you have any need ?” to which he replied : “As for from you, then no. As for from Allah, then definitely.”
And his (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) statement : “The Pens have been lifted and the Pages have dried” further emphasises what has preceeded, and there is no contradiction with that by way of abrogation or change.
And his (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) statement : “And know that Victory comes with Patience, Relief with Affliction, and Hardship with Ease” informs him [Ibn ‘Abbaas] to take note that Man in this World will be presented with trials and misfortunes, especially the Pious, due to the statement of Allah ‘azza wa jall:
| 155. And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Saabireen (the patient ones)
156. Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.”
157. They are those on whom are the Salawaat (blessings) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided-ones.[al-Baqarah, 155-157]
and Allah ta’aalaa has also said:
|Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards in full, without reckoning.[az-Zumar, 10]|
- That it is allowed for two people to be seated on a mount if it does not over-burden the animal
- That if one takes care about Allah’s Rights, then He takes care of him
- That if one takes care of Allah’s Rights, then He helps him
- That one must ask of Allah only, and seek His help only
- That we cannot be harmed or benefitted by anything or anyone, no matter how large they are in number or strong they appear, except by that which Allah allows
- That what Allah has allowed in our destiny will definitely occur
- That one should remember and take care of Allah’s Rights in times of ease, and Allah will take care of him in times of difficulty
- That Victory comes with Patience
- That relief comes after suffering
- That ease comes after hardship