1.An act of obedience.
The hijab is an act of obedience to Allah and to his prophet (pbuh),
Allah says in the Qur’an:
| `It is not for a believer, man or woman,
when Allah and His messenger have decreed a matter that they should
have an option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allah and His
Messenger, has indeed strayed in a plain error.’ (S33:36).
Allah also said:
| ‘And tell the believing women to lower their gaze
(from looking at forbidden things) and protect their private parts
(from illegal sexual acts, etc) and not to show off their adornment
except what must (ordinarily) appear thereof, that they should draw
their veils over their Juyubihinna.'(S24:31).
Juyubihinna: The respected scholars from As-Salaf As-Saleh
(righteous predecessors) differed whether the veil cover of the body
must include the hands and face or not. Today, respected scholars
say that the hands and face must be covered. Other respected
scholars say it is preferable for women to cover their whole bodies.
2.The Hijab is IFFAH (Modesty).
Allah (subhana wa’atala) made the adherence to the hijab a
manifestation for chastity and modesty. Allah says:
| ‘O Prophet! Tell
your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw
their cloaks (veils) over their bodies (when outdoors). That is most
convenient that they should be known and not molested.’ (S33:59).
In the above Ayaah there is an evidence that the recognition of the
apparent beauty of the woman is harmful to her. When the cause of
attraction ends, the restriction is removed. This is illustrated in
the case of elderly women who may have lost every aspect of
attraction. Allah (swt) made it permissible for them to lay aside
their outer garments and expose their faces and hands reminding,
however, that is still better for them to keep their modesty.
3.The hijab is Tahara (Purity)
Allah (swt) had shown us the hikma (wisdom) behind the legislation
of the hijab:
| `And when you ask them (the Prophet’s wives) for
anything you want, ask them from behind a screen, that is purer for
your hearts and their hearts.’ (S33:53).
The hijab makes for greater purity for the hearts of believing men
and women because it screens against the desire of the heart.
Without the hijab, the heart may or may not desire. That is why the
heart is more pure when the sight is blocked (by hijab) and thus the
prevention of fitna (evil actions is very much manifested. The hijab
cuts off the ill thoughts and the greed of the sick hearts:
| `Be not soft in speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease (of
hypocrisy or evil desire for adultery, etc) should be moved with
desire, but speak in an honourable manner.’ (S33:32)
4.The hijab is a Shield
The prophet (pbuh) said:
| “Allah, Most High, is Heaven, is Ha’yeii|
(Bashful), Sit’teer (Shielder). He loves Haya’ (Bashfulness) and
Sitr (Shielding; Covering).”
The Prophet (pbuh) also said:
woman who takes off her clothes in other than her husband’s house
(to show off for unlawful purposes), has broken Allah’s shield upon
The hadith demonstrates that depending upon the kind of action
committed there will be either reward (if good) or punishment (if
5. The hijab is Taqwah (Righteousness)
Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an: `
| O children of Adam! We have
bestowed raiment upon you to cover yourselves (screen your private
parts, etc) and as an adornment. But the raiment of righteousness,
that is better.'(S7:26).
The widespread forms of dresses in the
world today are mostly for show off and hardly taken as a cover and
shield of the woman’s body. To the believing women, however the
purpose is to safeguard their bodies and cover their private parts
as a manifestation of the order of Allah. It is an act of Taqwah
6.The hijab is Iman (Belief or Faith)
Allah (swt) did not address His words about the hijab except to the
believing women, Al-Mo’minat. In many cases in the Qur’an Allah
refers to the “the believing women”. Aisha (RA), the wife of the
prophet (pbuh), addressed some women from the tribe of Banu Tameem
who came to visit her and had light clothes on them, they were
| “If indeed you are believing women, then truly|
this is not the dress of the believing women, and if you are not
believing women, then enjoy it.”
7. The hijab is Haya’ (Bashfulness)
There are two authentic hadith which state: “Each religion has a
morality and the morality of Islam is haya'” AND “Bashfulness is
from belief, and belief is in Al-Jannah (paradise)”. The hijab fits
the natural bashfulness which is a part of the nature of women.
8.The hijab is Gheerah
The hijab fits the natural feeling of Gheerah, which is intrinsic in
the straight man who does not like people to look at his wife or
daughters. Gheerah is a driving emotion that drives the straight man
to safeguard women who are related to him from strangers. The
straight MUSLIM man has Gheerah for ALL MUSLIM women In response to
lust and desire, men look (with desire) at other women while they do
not mind that other men do the same to their wives or daughters. The
mixing of sexes and absence of hijab destroys the Gheera in men.
Islam considers Gheerah an integral part of faith. The dignity of
the wife or daughter or any other Muslim woman must be highly
respected and defended.