Allâh, the Mighty and Majestic, says in the Noble Qur’ân:
|“Allâh bears witness that none has the right to be worshipped but He, and the angels, and those having knowledge (Ûlul-‘llm) (also bear witness to this; (He is always) maintaining His creation in justice. None has the right to be worshipped but He. the All-Mighty. the All-Wise.” (Sûrah Âl-‘Imrân (3):18)
This verse shows the superiority of knowledge (“ilm) and its people;
the following points can be inferred from this verse:
1. Allâh chose the people of knowledge (ûlul ‘ilm) to bear witness
to His Oneness (Tawhîd) over and above the rest of His creation.
2. Allâh honoured the people of knowledge by mentioning their
testimony along with His testimony.
3. He raised high the status of the scholars by associating their
testimony with the testimony of the angels.
4. This verse bears witness to the superiority of those who possess
knowledge. Allâh does not make any of His creation bear witness
except the upright amongst them.
There is a well-known narration from the Prophet (sallallahu `alaihi
wa sallam), who said:
| “The upright in every generation will carry
this knowledge, rejecting the distortions of the extremists, the
false claims of the liars, and the (false) interpretations of the
5. Allâh, the One free from all defects. Himself bears witness to
His Oneness, and He is the greatest of witnesses. Then He chose from
His creation the angels and the scholars – this is sufficient to
show their excellence.
6. Allâh made the scholars bear witness with the greatest and the
most excellent testimony and that is, “None has the right to be
worshipped but Allâh.” Allâh, the One free of all defects and the
Most High, does not bear witness except to matters of great
importance and only the greatest from Allâh’s creation bear witness
7. Allâh made the testimony of the people of knowledge a proof
against the rejecters. Thus they are its proofs and its signs,
indicating His Oneness (Tawhîd).
8. Allâh, the Most High, used a single verb (shahida) to refer to
His testimony and the testimony of the angels and the scholars. He
did not use an additional verb for their testimony; thus he
connected their testimony to His. This shows the strong link between
their testimony and Allâh’s testimony, as if He himself bore
witness to His Oneness upon their tongues and made them utter this
9. Allâh, the One free from all defects, made the scholars fulfil
His right (that none has the right to be worshipped but Him) through
this testimony and if they fulfill it then they have fulfilled and
established this right of Allâh upon them. Then it is obligatory
upon mankind to accept this testimony which is the means to reach
happiness in this life and in their final return (to Allâh).
Whosoever takes this guidance from the scholars and accepts this
truth because of their testimony, then for the scholars there is a
reward equal to them. And none knows the value of this reward but
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